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Common Law Marriages

Audio: Hear the Calls of the Common Loon | syracuse.com

Jul 20, 2008 . Mike Greenlar/The Post-StandardAn adult common loon on Sixth Lake, near . Yodel This call is produced exclusively by males and is used in .
http://blog.syracuse.com/indepth/2008/07/audio_hear_the_calls_of_the_co.html

The requirements for a common law marriage are as follows:

The Call of the Loon | BirdNote

Aug 1, 2012 . The call of the Common Loon brings to mind a summer visit to northern lakes with sunny blue skies. A "yodel" call is given by males on their .
http://birdnote.org/show/call-loon

Common law marriage is recognized only in the following states:

  • Alabama
  • Colorado
  • District of Columbia
  • Georgia (if created before 1/1/1997)
  • Idaho (if created before 1/1/1996)
  • Iowa
  • Kansas (both age 18 or older)
  • Montana
  • Common Loon - The Science Behind Algonquin's Animals

    Sounds: Common Loons are best known for their yodel, hoot, wail and tremolo calls heard by many Park visitors. However, the first sound that loons make is a .
    http://www.sbaa.ca/projects.asp?cn=303

  • Ohio (if created before 10/10/1991)
  • Oklahoma (if created before 11/1/1998)
  • Pennsylvania (see below)
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Texas ("informal marriage")
  • Utah (only if validated by court/administrative order)

Common Loon, Sounds, All About Birds - Cornell Lab of Ornithology

The eerie calls of Common Loons echo across clear lakes of the northern wilderness. Summer . If a male moves to a different territory, he will change his yodel.
http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Common_Loon/sounds

Loon Vocalizations - Vermont Fish & Wildlife

As the audio clip plays through, you will hear 4 distinctive vocalizations (calls) made by the common loon. Each distinct sound means different things in loon .
http://www.vtfishandwildlife.com/get_the_lead_out_looncall.cfm

Common Loon - Whatbird.com

Common Loon: Large loon, white-spotted, black upperparts and white underparts . Head, neck are . Listen to Call. Common . The strange “yodel” or “loon laughter” of the Common Loon was described by the famous naturalist John Muir.
http://identify.whatbird.com/obj/67/_/Common_Loon.aspx

Structural and Contextual Characteristics of Territorial “Yodels ...

Male Common Loons (Gavia immer) . Structurally, the yodel consists of two features: an introductory phrase of 3-4 notes . Collection of yodel calls for indi-.
http://people.ysu.edu/~crcooper/Mager%20(2007)%20Pass%20Pigeon.pdf

Young Naturalists: Hoot, Tremolo, Yodel, and Wail: Minnesota DNR

Scientists have categorized common loon calls into four main types. . YODEL: Only male loons make this loud sound, which starts with three notes and ends .
http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/young_naturalists/loons/index.html

Common Loon Dictionary - Annenberg Media

This is a distress call, which suggests that a loon is stressed, often before it escapes . Yodel (several upslurred introductory notes, similar to wails, and then loud .
http://www.learner.org/jnorth/tm/loon/Dictionary.html

The Voice of the Loon | Loon Preservation Committee

They have four distinct calls which they use to communicate with their families and other loons; these are the tremolo, wail, yodel and hoot. The tremolo is also .
http://www.loon.org/voice-loon.php

Common Loon | The Music of Nature

Jan 23, 2011 . All three of the loon's calls can be heard in this soundscape: 1) Wails (drawn-out notes sounding like the howl of a wolf, 2) Yodels (start like a .
http://musicofnature.com/category/birds/common_loon/

Loons - GeoCities

Silent in winter, the loon repertoire of calls haunt the night with strange laughter- like calls, falsetto wails and strange yodelling. . The Common Loon is the species best known to most of us, as its breeding range lies across most of Canada.
http://www.geocities.com/yosemite/gorge/1066/59loon.html

State Common Law Marriage Requirements
Alabama

The Communication of Intraspecific Aggression in the Common Loon

AGGRESSION IN THE COMMON LOON. LYNDA RUMMEL AND CHARLES GOETZINGER. THE role of the yodel call in the communication system of the .
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4084561

Colorado

Loon Behaviour and Calls - Bird Studies Canada

The Common Loon needs no introduction to . call; the tremolo, which is often given in response to . example, or the yodel of another male loon. Each male .
http://www.bsc-eoc.org/download/BWCwi10.pdf

District of Columbia

Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge - Common Loons

Nov 24, 2009 . Common loons are listed as a threatened species in New Hampshire. Since loon . Bird makes a 'tremolo' (laughing sound) or 'yodel' call.
http://www.fws.gov/northeast/lakeumbagog/loons.html

Iowa

Great Northern Loon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Great Northern Loon (Gavia immer), is a large member of the loon, or diver, family of birds. The species is . Male Common Loon yodel call. Sorry, your .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Northern_Loon

Kansas

THE COMMON LOON FAQ's about LOONS - Lower Beverley Lake ...

Known for its haunting calls & striking black & white breeding plumage, the Common Loon uses many . 3- Does the male's yodel stay the same over time?
http://lbla.net/wp-content/uploads/LBLA-loon-brochure-final-in-pdf-Jan-2012.pdf

Montana

Loon Sounds - JungleWalk.com

Links to Loon Audio Clips and Loon Sounds at JungleWalk.com. Animal Audio, Video . Common Loon Call. Red-throated Loon . Loon's Yodel. Red-throated .
http://www.junglewalk.com/sound/loon-sounds.htm

Oklahoma

Tennessee Watchable Wildlife | Common Loon

Common Loon Gavia immer. The yodeling call of the Common Loon sounds a bit like wild laughter, giving rise to the expression "crazy as a loon." In Europe, this .
http://www.tnwatchablewildlife.org/details.cfm?displayhabitat=water&sort=aounumber&typename=WATER&uid=09042709472995269&commonname=Common%20Loon

Pennsylvania verbal exchange between the couple expressing intent and agreement to be married
Rhode Island

Common Loon Songs and Calls - Larkwire

Image of Common Loon. Common Loon: On breeding grounds, gives a long, eerie, wolf-like wail and rhythmic yodeling; year-round, gives tremolo call.
http://www.larkwire.com/library/bird-sounds/138/Common-Loon-songs-and-calls

South Carolina couple intends for others to believe the couple is married
Texas

Common Loon, Breeding Plumage - Long Island Birding

The loon's call is a haunting, eerie sound made up of wails and yodels, heard over great distances. The common saying “crazy as a loon” or “loony” may have .
http://www.libirding.com/LoonCommon.html

Utah

Common Loon – Saving Wildlife - Wildlife Conservation Society

WCS works to conserve the common loon in the Adirondacks through . wailing call, but they also hoot, tremolo, and yodel under specific circumstances.
http://www.wcs.org/saving-wildlife/birds/common-loon.aspx

See also the discussion of common law marriage on the home web site and on the common law marriage texas rules web site.

 

 
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Common Loon | Gerrit Vyn Photography

Adult male Common Loon (Gavia immer) in breeding plumage giving yodel call. The yodel call is a complex territorial vocalization only given by males and is .
http://gerritvyn.photoshelter.com/image/I00009Rb6F2TplN4


Minnesota State Bird - Common Loon - State Symbols USA

The common loon (Gavia immer) was adopted as the official state bird . Loons are known for their cries, wails, and yodels - their eerie, echoing calls are a .
http://www.statesymbolsusa.org/Minnesota/Bird_common_loon.html


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